|Ceres is a dwarf planet located in the Asteroid belt, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. It is the only object in the Asteroid belt which is rounded by its own gravity, being the largest object of the Asteroid belt it is one-third of the total mass of the Asteroid belt. The diameter is 945km, which makes it the 33rd largest object in our solar system and the largest object in the Asteroid belt.|
Ceres was discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi in 1801 and after being spotted it became the first object in the asteroid belt to be discovered. Later, in 2015, Ceres became the first dwarf planet to receive a visit from a spacecraft(Dawn spacecraft).
When Ceres was discovered it was classified as a planet but later scientists called it a dwarf panet, A planet is an object that orbits the Sun in an elliptical orbit, has compounded its matter in a spherical shape, and has cleared its orbit of other debris. While, a dwarf planet also orbits the Sun, has compounded its matter in a spherical shape, but has not cleared its orbit of other debris. Ceres has not cleared the orbit of other debris, that’s why it is a dwarf planet.
It take 4.6 Earth year to make a trip around the Sun, however, its rotation period is 9 hours which makes it’s day length shortest in the solar system.
Ceres was formed along with the rest of the solar system about 4.5 billion years ago,and it is a embryonic planet. Embyonic planet means that it was forming but didn’t finish, this happened probably due to huge Jupiter,it prevented it to becoming a fully formed planet.
Ceres probably has a solid core and a mantle made of water ice. It is believed that Ceres is composed of 25 percent water, and if it is true Ceres have more water than the Earth.
It doesn’t have any moon and it is only dwarf panet with no Moons, other dwarf planet like Pluto and other dwarf panet have atleast one Moon.
Ceres is one of the few places in our solar system where scientists would like to search for possible signs of life. Ceres has water, and water is essential for life, so it’s possible that with this immensely important stuff and a few other conditions met, life could maybe exist there. Living things on Ceres, if they are there at all, would likely be very small microbes similar to bacteria. And while Ceres might not have living things today, there could be signs it harbored life in the past.